picos.new_param(name, value)

Declare a parameter for the problem, that will be stored as a cvxopt sparse matrix. It is possible to give a list or a dictionary of parameters. The function returns a constant AffinExp (or a list or a dict of AffinExp) representing this parameter.


Declaring parameters is optional, since the expression can as well be given by using normal variables. (see Example below). However, if you use this function to declare your parameters, the names of the parameters will be displayed when you print an Expression or a Constraint

  • name (str) – The name given to this parameter.

  • value – The value (resp list of values, dict of values) of the parameter. The type of value (resp. the elements of the list value, the values of the dict value) should be understandable by the function retrieve_matrix().


A constant affine expression (AffinExp) (resp. a list of AffinExp of the same length as value, a dict of AffinExp indexed by the keys of value)


>>> import picos as pic
>>> import cvxopt as cvx
>>> prob=pic.Problem()
>>> x=prob.add_variable('x',3)
>>> B={'foo':17.4,'matrix':cvx.matrix([[1,2],[3,4],[5,6]]),'ones':'|1|(4,1)'}
>>> B['matrix']*x+B['foo']
<2×1 Affine Expression: [2×3]·x + [17.4]>
>>> #(in the string above, |17.4| represents the 2-dim vector [17.4,17.4])
>>> B=pic.new_param('B',B)
>>> #now that B is a param, we have a nicer display:
>>> B['matrix']*x+B['foo']
<2×1 Affine Expression: B[matrix]·x + [B[foo]]>